Peat is an organic compound formed from the decomposition residues of moor plants.
It can be of different types but each of them has a number of useful properties:
Fertilizes depleted soil, restores the ground after pollution.
- Gives soil looseness, allows it to retain moisture better.
- It is a natural antiseptic, cleanses the ground of bacteria and maintains a healthy microflora.
- It is used as a heat insulator.
- It is safe for the environment and serves as a filter for natural waters.
Peat is one of the few types of minerals of complex application:
It is used as fertilizer in agriculture and as a substrate in greenhouses when growing various plants.
- It is used as bedding material for livestock and as a covering (mulching) material in landscape design.
- Heat-insulating material is made from peat in construction, including pressed plates for wall insulation.
- It is a raw material in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
Peat is also used instead of mud in the treatment of a number of diseases.